Welcome to our Library

Hello everyone!
Here we are to keep in touch and give you information about the Library and provide some reading and cultural suggestions. This is our first Bulletin, and we will be sending news before the end of every month. We want let you know that during the DOLP we are supporting teachers in all sections: collaborating in reading aloud records for Preschool, preparing mini-lessons and supporting teachers during classes for Elementary, providing lessons in research skills, and APA format for Middle and High School, supporting the Personal Project and Extended Essay respectively.

Library & Research Materials

PYP Library & Search Materials

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MYP & HS Library & Search Materials

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JFK LMC Follett

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Sneaky Peek

Sneaky Peek is a project consisting of attractively- presented posters that contain a 'peek' into interesting books selected especially for Middle School students. These peeks are descriptions of the topic, literary style and content of each book.

JFK Library Middle School

Sneaky Peek Concept click here

September

"The Mysterious Island" by Jules Verne
click here

October

"Pollyanna" by Eleanor H. Porter click here

November

"The Maze Runner" by James Dashner click here

December

"The Call of the Wild, by Jack London"
  click here.

January

"Around the world in eighty days" by Jules Verne click here

February

"The Secret Garden" by Frances H. Burnett click here

March

The Complete Just so Stories by: Rudyard Kipling click here

April

"A midnight summer dream" by: William Shakespeare click here 

May

The Adventures of Huckleberry by: Mark Twain click here

June

Tanglewood by Tales Nathaniel Hawthorne click here

Cultural Suggestions

JUNE
Casa Estudio Leonora Carrington 

Have you ever wondered what an artist's home is like? For this time, technology allows us to have the answer to this question: The "Casa Estudio Leonora Carrington" website was launched in April of this year. She was a brilliant English painter and sculptor whose works are inserted within the surrealist art movement and stand out for representing fantastic figures and landscapes that seem taken from mysterious dream worlds. We invite you to explore her house-study, which has been recreated in a virtual way. You will be able to visit and find in each of her rooms some examples of her paintings and sculptures, interactive material, interesting biographical information, photographs, videos, and curious details of her artistic work. You can visit it here: Casa Estudio Leonora Carrington

JUNE
Library of Congress Minerva´s Kaleidoscope: resources for kids &families Jump into Japanese Storytelling: Kamishibai and Ukiyo-e 

People from many cultures around the world have invented a variety of storytelling formats, whether it’s epic poetry, intricate tapestries, clay tablets, or tales whispered around a fire. One such tradition is an ukiyo-e, a style of Japanese woodblock printing that gained popularity in the Edo Period (1603-1868). Each ukiyo-e is meant to depict a “floating world,” allowing viewers to briefly escape their daily realities through fantastical narratives and beautiful sceneries. According to Library of Congress curator Katherine Blood, ukiyo-e was a “popular form of mass entertainment” for Japanese people at the time. You might already notice the similarity between ukiyo-e and manga or anime based on their respective entertainment values as well as art styles.

To know more click here.  

JUNE
The History of Mother's Day  

Do you want to know when it started and why we celebrate Mother's Day? Tell the children about the origin of this celebration. The oldest celebration of Mother's Day is mythological. It began in ancient Greece, for the festivities in honor of Rhea, the mother of the Gods Jupiter, Neptune and Pluto. At the beginning of the 17th century England began to dedicate the fourth Sunday of Lent to all working mothers. On this day they were excused from their jobs so that they could stay home with their children and their mothers. On this day called 'Serving Mother Sunday', it was celebrated with the preparation of a cake. In the United States, the first suggestion to the creation of Mother's Day occurred in the 19th century, when the writer Julia Ward Howe organized a meeting of mothers dedicated to peace in Boston. From there, the fight to honor mothers was taken up by Anna Jarvis, at the beginning of the 20th century, in a small town in the State of West Virginia. Accompanied by a group of friends, Anna started a movement to institute a day when all children could honor their mothers. That struggle helped her to get out of a deep depression due to the death of her mother, and in a short time the celebration spread throughout the country causing President Wilson to make Mother's Day official as a national holiday, being celebrated all the second Sundays of the month of May. Over time, many other countries, from different parts of the world, joined the celebration. The main idea of ​​Anna Javis was to strengthen family ties and respect for parents. A dream come true. But over time, the celebration lost its meaning for her. 

JUNE
42 Book temples you must visit before you die 

Mariana Such Age recommended: 11 years old and above 

In the image above we can see the Tianjin Binhai library, which is a very large 5-story high cultural center and at the center of the complex is a spherical auditorium with the most modern light and sound facilities, it is surrounded by cascades of bookshelves with more than ONE MILLION books, this construction is in China. Here is the hyperlink to a collection of spectacular and incredible libraries and bookstores around the world, each with a unique touch where readers can find the treasures, they need to let their imagination run wild, that is, their favorite books. Many of these libraries are architectural jewels in themselves and have been inspiration for other works of art such as movies or paintings, some are very old sites and others are modern works, there is even a Mexican participant on the list, have you visited it?

Click here to access 

JUNE
Celebration of Mother's Day in other countries 

And now we are going to tell you a curiosity that not everyone knows: not all countries celebrate Mother's Day on the same day: In most of Europe mothers are honored on the first Sunday in May, although in some others they make it coincide with Working Women's Day.  In Latin American countries, the date also varies: In Mexico for example, it is May 10. The Mexicans decided on this date thanks to the instance of the journalist Rafael Alducín in the newspaper 'Excélsior' on April 13, 1922. On May 10 of that year the party was celebrated for the first time. In Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Chile, Ecuador, Honduras, Puerto Rico it is celebrated on the second Sunday of the month of May. In Argentina, they celebrate it on the third Sunday in October. But the most important thing is not the date, but the recognition and remembrance of the value of all mothers. In Nicaragua, to put another case, May 30 was chosen because on that date it was the birthday of Casimira Sacasa, mother of the wife of Anastasio Somoza, then president of this country in the 1940s. In Bolivia, it is celebrated on May 27. In Costa Rica it is celebrated on August 15 for the commemoration of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, who for Catholics is the best example to follow in terms of motherhood. It is a holiday throughout the country and a non-working day by law. In Panama, it is celebrated on December 8, the day of the Immaculate Conception.   

JUNE
Science at home 

UNAM Age recommended: 5to 7 years old. This time we recommend a science dissemination site specially created for children. Here, you will find videos with scientific experiments explained step by step so that you can understand how things work and why. You can also find a downloadable book with fun activities with dinosaur themes and many games such as word searches, crossword puzzles, technical sheets of dinosaurs to light up, mazes, number series tracking, scale drawing, drawing by numbers, puzzles, and many more things. Venture into the world of science and learn while having fun. Click here to visit the Site. 

MAY
What do you know about the day of the girl and the boy in the world?

The idea of celebrating “Children's Day” arose on November 20, 1959, when the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) held a meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, in which it decided to reaffirm the rights of children universally. Since then, and although the global celebration is on November 20, each country has chosen a special day to celebrate and organize activities. Children's Day in Mexico was first recognized on May 8, 1916 in the city of Tantoyuca, Veracruz. However, this date changed when President Álvaro Obregón established the official celebration on April 30 in 1924, after the “Declaration of Geneva” was signed. It is customary for this day to give toys and carry out activities in schools such as parties and festivals. In Venezuela it is celebrated on the third Sunday of July, it is very common to celebrate it in parks and to have festivities at home and at schools; In Argentina, the date is adjusted according to the toy market, since it is customary to give them away on the day, it takes place on the second or third Sunday in August; The Australian government established since 1985 that the fourth Wednesday of each October would be dedicated to children in their country, all regions contribute a quota for the expenses of the celebration; in China it is a holiday for children under 14 years old, it is celebrated on June 1. The “Servicio de Información Agroalimentaria y Pesquera” (Agri-Food and Fisheries Information Service) reminds you that the objective of Children's Day is aimed at promoting the rights of the little ones and fostering both “fraternity and understanding among children around the world” and their well-being. Social.  
How do you celebrate it?

MAY
Kermit The Frog in the USA Library of Congress 

Kermit the Frog stops in to chat with Librarian Carla Hayden about his induction into the 2020 class of the National Recording Registry with his banjo-strumming ballad, “The Rainbow Connection” from 1979’s “The Muppet Movie.”

Click here to watch the chat

MAY
The Museum of Modern Art Alexander Calder: modern from the start 

The Museum of Modern Art of NYC MoMA, is a place that fuels creativity and provides inspiration. We invite you to take a look to its official site where different galleries and expositions are shown digitally, even online art courses are offer freely. This beautiful tour isn’t just dedicated for artists, but for all art enthusiasts, design lovers, fashion explorers and even for you, if you want to see what is new in the international modern art scene or learn about classic artists. We recommend you to check out Alexander Calder exhibition, he is one of MoMA’s house artists, because his work has been displayed there since 1930 when the museum first open. This exhibition goes through all of Calder´s legacy, he was called upon to produce several commissioned works including Lobster Trap and Fish Tail, a multicolored mobile that hangs in the same stairwell for which it was made in 1939. His works have been a mainstay of the Museum’s galleries and Sculpture Garden ever since, he is known to be the inventor of mobile sculptures.

Click here to enter  

APRIL

Women in our collection National Gallery UK (for all the family)
We are convinced that women´s work needs to be always recognized, so and to continue commemorating women, we want to share this video from the National Gallery of the United Kingdom. You will surely enjoy the beautiful works and interesting information it gives. To watch the video click here.

APRIL

The Fantastic Flying Books of Mr. Morris Lessmore by William Joyce and Brandon Oldenburg 
This time we recommend an Oscar winner short film, which invites us to use our imagination to accompany Mr. Morris Lessmore on an adventure full of books that transform people´s lives, starting with his own. Many readers can identify with Mr. Lessmore, because after a disaster, reading is the way that completely transforms his life and other people around him. The vintage aesthetic of this material is endearing as is the story, you cannot miss it. Click here to watch it. 

MARCH
Libraries around the world


Our Library catalog in the WEBPATH EXPRESS tab, celebrates this month the love for Libraries and has a selection of very interesting articles for all ages from libraries around the world and how they are adapting to the changes and challenges of the future and the new technologies. In the following link you can see an article about 5 fun and very original Libraries.
Click here. 

Libraries are a place not only for reading and learning but also an incubator for creativity, the architecture and design of the following libraries are an inspiration for all lovers of art and reading. 

Click here

MARCH

Virtual Concerts Library of Congress 

We invite you to check and enjoy with the program of Virtual Concerts of the Library of Congress (LOC), which starts on March 12th, with young musicians from the New World Symphony perform in the first of two programs introduced by its co-founder, conductor Michael Tilson Thomas. The brilliant Scottish pianist Steven Osborne performs Rachmaninoff and Debussy on March 19, in a program including works from the Library’s Sergei Rachmaninoff Collection. The Dudok Quartet Amsterdam plays music by Webern, Ligeti, and Brahms.

To go to the LOC Virtual Concerts Page click here

FEBRUARY
BLOB OPERA Google Arts and Culture 


Blob Opera is a machine learning experiment by David Li in collaboration with Google Arts & Culture. This experiment pays tribute to and explores the original musical instrument: the voice. Play four opera voices in real-time. No singing skills required! 

Click here 

 

JANUARY

The Monterey Bay Aquarium 
You can explore The Monterey Bay Aquarium site and find very interesting information about different animals like African penguins, sea otters, jellies, even sharks. But the greatest thing is that you can also watch these animals as if you were in the aquarium itself! The Monterey Bay Aquarium offers videos from their live cams and you can watch the life of these beautiful animals.

You can also see pictures and some pre-recorded videos about feeding sessions, highlight exhibitions and other amazing stories. 
 

Click here to enjoy:

The Monterey Bay Aquarium Live Cams
The Monterey Bay Aquarium Web Site



NOVEMBER
Google Arts and Culture

Es una herramienta maravillosa para explorar el mundo del arte, puede clasificar obras de arte por periodos históricos, por técnicas, autores, incluso colores. Además, para comprender distintas corrientes artísticas puedes convertir la foto de tu elección, a cada estilo característico. Incluso puedes subir una foto y te comparará con famosas abras de arte. Por último, esta plataforma incluye tours virtuales a los museos de arte más famosos del arte, no dudes en visitarlo, divertirte y aprender. En esta ocasión te recomiendo una visita al Museo Botero de Bogotá que ofrece una colección muy completa de este artista colombiano. It is a wonderful tool to explore the world of art if classifies works of art by historical periods, techniques, authors, and even color. Besides, to understand different artistic currents, you can convert a photo of your choice, to each characteristic style. You can even upload a photo and it will compare it to famous works of art. Finally, this platform includes virtual tours to the most famous art museums in the world, do not hesitate to visit it, have fun and learn. I recommend you to visit the Botero Museum f Bogotá, which offers a very complete collection of this Colombian artist.

OCTOBER
Visit the "Piece of the month" of the National Museum of Anthropology and History

In the month of October you will find a work carved in bone from the Mayan culture and a graphic testimony in textile of Otomí origin. In the month of September you will be able to appreciate a stone yoke from the Sierra Gorda de Querétaro.

Click here to visit the website.

OCTOBER
Bestselling Children’s Author Mo Willems Is Teaching Kids Drawing On YouTube

At the moment, around 300 million children worldwide can’t go to their schools due to the coronavirus outbreak. At the moment, around 300 million children worldwide can’t go to their schools due to the coronavirus outbreak.Numerous parents all around the globe are struggling with their jobs and homeschooling their kids, so the bestselling author and illustrator Mo Willems has come to the rescue! Mo Willems⁠—a bestselling author and illustrator⁠— announced that he would be teaching drawing on YouTube to kids who are now at home. The drawing sessions are called Lunch Doodles and were live-streaming them from his own house! You can find the video sessions on the Kennedy Center’s YouTube account as well as on their website.

Biographies

Leonora Carrington
1917–2011,

English-born Mexican surrealist painter, novelist, and eccentric, studied art at Ozenfant Academy, London (1935–38). From a wealthy Anglo-Irish family, she traveled widely, and at 20 ran away with surrealist artist Max Ernst to Paris, where she met such other surrealists as Salvador Dalí, Yves Tanguy, Man Ray, and André Breton. She began to create her own surrealist paintings and writings, and was soon included in surrealist shows and anthologies. Her richly colored, dreamlike paintings, often drawn from folk tales, myths, the occult, and religion, frequently feature long, slender women in various states of undress with strange semihuman animals in fantastic landscapes. Typical is the early painting The Inn of the Dawn Horse (Self Portrait) (1937–38, Metropolitan Museum of Art). Later, she also created sculptures, tapestries, and collages. Her novels and stories, part reality, part fantasy, have the same spirit as her artworks; typical are two 1988 collections The House of Fear: Notes from Down Below and The Seventh Horse and Other Tales. After the Nazis interned the Jewish Ernst (he later escaped), she left Europe, first for New York, then Mexico City, where she settled and joined a circle of expatriate surrealists and Mexican modernists; she subsequently included alchemical, Aztec, and Mayan symbols in her work.

Bill Bryson

William McGuire "Bill" Bryson, OBE, FRS was born in Des Moines, Iowa, in 1951. He settled in England in 1977, and worked in journalism until he became a full time writer. He lived for many years with his English wife and four children in North Yorkshire. He and his family then moved to New Hampshire in America for a few years, but they have now returned to live in the UK. In The Lost Continent, Bill Bryson's hilarious first travel book, he chronicled a trip in his mother's Chevy around small town America. It was followed by Neither Here Nor There, an account of his first trip around Europe. Other travel books include the massive bestseller Notes From a Small Island, which won the 2003 World Book Day National Poll to find the book which best represented modern England, followed by A Walk in the Woods (in which Stephen Katz, his travel companion from Neither Here Nor There, made a welcome reappearance), Notes From a Big Country and Down Under. Bill Bryson has also written several highly praised books on the English language, including Mother Tongue and Made in America. In his last book, he turned his attention to science. A Short History of Nearly Everything was lauded with critical acclaim, and became a huge bestseller. It was shortlisted for the Samuel Johnson Prize, before going on to win the Aventis Prize for Science Books and the Descartes Science Communication Prize. His next book, The Life and Times of the Thunderbolt Kid, is a memoir of growing up in 1950s America, featuring another appearance from his old friend Stephen Katz.

Mark Twain

Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. He was lauded as the "greatest humorist the United States has produced," and William Faulkner called him "the father of American literature". His novels include The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884), the latter often called "The Great American Novel". Twain was raised in Hannibal, Missouri, which later provided the setting for Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. He served an apprenticeship with a printer and then worked as a typesetter, contributing articles to the newspaper of his older brother Orion Clemens. He later became a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River before heading west to join Orion in Nevada. He referred humorously to his lack of success at mining, turning to journalism for the Virginia City Territorial Enterprise. His humorous story, "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County", was published in 1865, based on a story that he heard at Angels Hotel in Angels Camp, California, where he had spent some time as a miner. The short story brought international attention and was even translated into French. His wit and satire, in prose and in speech, earned praise from critics and peers, and he was a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty.. Twain was born shortly after an appearance of Halley's Comet, and he predicted that he would "go out with it" as well; he died the day after the comet made its closest approach to the Earth. 

Flora de Pablo


The scientific work of this Spanish doctor specialized in molecular biology focuses on the investigation of proliferation, differentiation, competition and cell death processes . Flora de Pablo has combined her scientific work with the fight for the recognition of the work of women in science through the Association of Women Researchers and Technologists.

Margarita Salas


(1938-2019)
She was one of the most notable Spanish scientists, with a doctorate in Biology from the Complutense University of Madrid. He worked for three years with Severo Ochoa at New York University, focusing his research in the field of molecular biology. One of his main contributions to science was the discovery of DNA polymerase, which is responsible for DNA replication.

Elizabeth Blackburn


This Australian scientist with a PhD in Molecular Biology won a Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2009 for discovering telomerase. This enzyme lengthens telomeres, which are the ends of chromosomes, and directly influences the life of cells. His research on telomerase contributes to the study of cancer therapies.

Caroline Herschel 


(1750-1848)
Caroline discovered science thanks to her brother William, who was the personal astronomer to the King of England. While working as William's assistant, Caroline became a brilliant astronomer who discovered new nebulae and star clusters. Caroline was the first woman to discover a comet, the first woman whose work was published by the Royal Society, and the first British woman to earn a salary for doing scientific work.

Marie Curie


(1867-1934)
Marie Curie was one of the pioneering women scientists in the study of radiation. His research in this field led him to discover two elements, radium and polonium. She was the first woman to receive a Nobel Prize, specifically that of Physics, in 1903. Eight years later, in 1911, she received a second Nobel Prize, this time in Chemistry, thus becoming the first person to receive two Nobel Prizes in different categories. His eldest daughter, Irène Curie-Joliot, also dedicated her life to science and, like her mother, was awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her research..

Ada Lovelace

(1815-1852)
She is considered the first computer programmer in history and the person who started the computer system that we know today. Ada Lovelace worked with Charles Babbage, a British mathematician and scientist. Together they worked on the calculator called the analytical machine. Among Ada's notes on this machine was found the first algorithm intended to be processed by a machine. The US Department of Defense named a programming language "Ada" in his honor.

Lise Meitner


(1878-1968)
She was a Swedish physicist of Austrian origin who, together with her research partner, Otto Hahn, worked on the study of radioactive elements. Although the two researchers had to separate when Lise was forced to leave Nazi Germany in 1938 due to her Jewish origin, they were able to continue their collaboration by correspondence. Lise was the one who calculated the energy released in nuclear fission and who coined the term. Otto Hahn won a Nobel Prize for this discovery, while Lise Meitner was not taken into consideration by the Nobel Committee.

Rosalind Franklin


(1920-1958)
Rosalind Franklin knew from a young age that she wanted to be a scientist. Although her father rejected the idea at first, Rosalind eventually got her Ph.D. in Chemistry from Cambridge University. He worked in the laboratory of King's College, in London, where he managed to take a photograph that showed the double helix of DNA. Another researcher from the same lab, Maurice Wilkins, showed the image to two other colleagues and together they published the discovery in the journal Nature. In 1962, these three researchers received the Nobel Prize for the discovery of the DNA double helix, but Franklin had died four years earlier from ovarian cancer.

Jules Verne


Jules Verne was born on 8 February 1828 and died on 24 March 1905. Verne was a French author who is often called the father of science fiction. He became the second most translated author on earth, writing books about innovations and technological advancements years before they were realities. His best-known novels are Twenty Thousand Leagues Under The Sea, Journey to the Centre of the Earth, and Around the World in 80 Days.

Yuval Noah Harari


(Kiryat Atta, February 24, 1976)
Is an Israeli historian and writer, professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His works include Sapiens: From Animals to Gods, Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow and 21 Lessons for the 21st Century. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Oxford in 2002, and is now a lecturer at the Department of Historyin the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Prof. Harari twice won the Polonsky Prize for Creativity and Originality, in 2009 and 2012. In 2011 he won the Society for Military History’s Moncado Award for outstanding articles in military history. He specialized in World History, medieval history and military history. His current research focuses on macro-historical questions: What is the relation between history and biology? What is the essential difference between Homo sapiens and other animals? Is there justice in history? Does history have a direction? Did people become happier as history unfolded?

Henriette Avram


1919 - 2006
Henriette Avram, the mother of the MARC format for automated cataloging of libraries. Henriette Regina Davidson Avram (October 7, 1919 - April 22, 2006), was an American librarian and computer programmer who developed for the Library of Congress (USA) the MARC 21 format to catalog documents in an automated way, a format that would be applied in the international library community. She joined the Library of Congress in 1965, after working as a systems analyst and computer programmer at the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Datatrol software company. She has greatly expanded interlibrary loan work programs and will get people to sit at computers and look at the automated card catalogs of libraries around the world. Today, the MARC 21 format is the basis for library catalogs around the world.

Charles Dickens


Charles Dickens was born on 7 February 1812 and died on 9 June 1870. Dickens was an English author. He is known as the greatest Victorian novelist. He was a prolific writer of short stories, plays, novellas, novels, and non-fiction books. He is known for his memorable characters and his depictions of his times' social classes, morals, and values. His works include Great Expectations, A Christmas Carol, Oliver Twist, Bleak House, Our Mutual Friend, and David Copperfield.

Boris Pasternak


Boris Pasternak was born 10 February 1890 and died 30 May 1960. Pasternak was a Russian poet, novelist, and literary translator. He is best known as the author of Doctor Zhivago. The novel, not published in the USSR, was smuggled to Milan, where it was published in 1957. Pasternak was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature the following year. He was forced to decline the Prize, stating in his resignation letter to the Nobel Committee that the reaction of the Soviet State was the only reason for his decision. His translations of stage plays by Goethe, Schiller, and William Shakespeare remain popular with Russian audiences.

Mo Willems


Mo Willems was born on 11 February 1968. Willems is an American writer, animator, and creator of children's books. He has won a Caldecott Honor and the Theodore Geisel Medal and Honors. His books include Knuffle Bunny: A Cautionary Tale, Don't Let the Pigeon Ride the Bus, and the Elephant and Piggie Series.

Victor Hugo


Victor Hugo was born on 26 February 1802 and died on 22 May 1885. Victor Hugo was a French author whose works include novels, plays, essays, and poems. In France, he is best known as a poet, but in the English-speaking world, he is most famous for his two novels, The Hunchback of Notre Dame and Les Miserables.

J.R.R. Tolkien

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892–1973) was a major scholar of the English language, specialising in Old and Middle English. Twice Professor of Anglo-Saxon (Old English) at the University of Oxford, he also wrote a number of stories, including most famously The Hobbit (1937) and The Lord of the Rings (1954–1955), which are set in a pre-historic era in an invented version of our world which he called by the Middle English name of Middle-earth. 

Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts. He was an American writer, poet, critic and editor best known for evocative short stories and poems that captured the imagination and interest of readers around the world. His imaginative storytelling and tales of mystery and horror gave birth to the modern detective story. Many of Poe’s works, including “The Tell-Tale Heart” and “The Fall of the House of Usher,” became literary classics. Some aspects of Poe’s life, like his literature, is shrouded in mystery, and the lines between fact and fiction have been blurred substantially since his death. ​

Ellen Ochoa


In 1993, she became the first-ever Hispanic woman in the world to go to space. She is also the first Hispanic woman to serve as director of NASA’s Johnson Space Center.

Natalia Baquedano.


Pioneer female photographer and one of the first Mexican women to open a photography studio. She was born in the city of Querétaro in 1874 in a well-off family. At an early age, she and her family moved to Mexico City, where she later installed a photographic studio, one of the first installed ones by a woman. Her photography stood out for making portraits, mostly of women. Natalia also invented printed photography on natural flower petals. Although defamed by a man who claimed the invention of the procedure, Natalia could prove that that was not true. Natalia died in 1936 at 64 years old.

Silvia Torres-Peimbert


(Born in 1940) is a Mexican astronomer. She won the L'Oréal-UNESCO Awards for Women in Science in 2011 on behalf of Latin America. The award is given annually to leading women scientists with an award being given to five continents. She won the award for investigating the "chemical composition of nebulae" which the organizers considered essential to our understanding of the beginning of the cosmos. She also won the Hans A. Bethe Prize in 2012 for her work in determining the quantities of helium and other different elements during the development of the universe. Knowing about these elements allows cosmologists to understand the evolution of stars and galaxies. "

Lydia María Cacho 


(Born 12 April 1963) is a Mexican journalist, feminist, and human rights activist. Described by Amnesty International as "perhaps Mexico's most famous investigative journalist and women's rights advocate", Cacho's reporting focuses on violence against and sexual abuse of women and children. Cacho is the winner of numerous international awards for her journalism, including the Civil Courage Prize, the Wallenberg Medal, and the Olof Palme Prize. In 2010, she was named a World Press Freedom Hero of the International Press Institute.

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